The population of Chandigarh stood at 21,967 in 1901
and this rose to 24,261 in 1951. As such, the first
fifty years saw a net addition of only 2,294
persons. At the 1961 Census Chandigarh had a
population of 119,881 resulting in an absolute
increase of 95,620 in its population during 1951-61.
This phenomenal increase is primarily attributed to
its being developed as the capital city of erstwhile
Punjab State. During 1961 - 71, there was a net
decadal accretion of 137,370 and the population
reached 257,251 in1971. During this decade
Chandigarh attained the status of a Union Territory
and the administrative headquarters of Punjab and
Haryana. Chandigarh has been experiencing rapid
growth in its population size.
Although, initially planned for a population of half
- a - million, its population reached 451,610 in
1981, 642,015 in 1991 and 900,635 in 2001. As per
Census 2011, Chandigarh Union Territory has a
population of 1,054,686 which is more than twice
that of the number for which it was originally
planned. There has been a net accretion of 154,051
persons in Chandigarh's population during 2001 -
Source : Census
Population Growth Rates
During 2001 - 2011, there has been a sharp decline
in the percentage growth rate of population of
Chandigarh UT. It has declined from 75.55 percent
during 1971-81 to 42.16 percent during 1981-91 and
further to 40.28 percent during 1991-2001. The
decadal growth rate of 17.10 percent for 2001 -
2011, besides being the lowest ever since 1951, is
marginally lower than the country's overall growth
rate of 17.64 percent.
Child Population in Age Group 0-6 Years
The data on child population in the age group 0-6
years is primarily intended for calculating the
literacy rates. However, it also allows us to
broadly analyse possible linkages with growth of
population, particularly providing leads on
As per Census 2011 the total number of children in
the age group 0-6 years in Chandigarh UT is 117,953
including 63,187 males and 54,766 females. This
number is little higher than that of 115,613 in 2001
population. However, the proportion of child
population in age group 0-6 years in Chandigarh UT
has declined from 12.83 percent in 2001 to 11.18
percent in 2011 registering a fall of 1.65
percentage points during 2001-2011. The percentage
of males in the age group 0-6 years has declined
from 12.36 to 10.89, while the corresponding decline
among females is from 13.45 to 11.54 percent.
Density of Population
'Density of Population' is defined as the number of
persons per square kilometer. It is an important
indicator of population concentration in an area. As
per the provisional population totals of Census
2011, the population density of Chandigarh UT has
gone up to 9,252. There has been a four -fold
increase in population density during this period.
Chandigarh UT had a density of 2,257 persons per
square kilometer in 1971 which increased to 3,961 in
1981 and further to 5,632 in 1991. During this
decade the density of population has increased from
7,900 in 2001 to 9,252 signifying that 1,352 more
people inhabit every square kilometer as compared to
a decade ago.
Trends in Sex Ratio
In consonance with the overall trends in sex ratio
in India, the sex ratio in Chandigarh has been
historically unfavourable to females. Graph
mentioned below shows that the trends in sex ratio
are somewhat fluctuating till 1961. Chandigarh had a
sex ratio of 749 at the 1971 Census which improved
to 769 in 1981 and further to 790 in 1991. The
Census 2001 recorded a fall in its sex ratio to 777
(by 13 points). However, a significant rise in sex
ratio is noticed during this decade. As per Census
2011 Chandigarh has a sex ratio of 818 showing an
increase by 41 points.
Likewise the over all sex ratio, there has been
significant improvement in the child sex ratio in
the age group 0-6 years in Chandigarh. The child sex
ratio has increased from 845 in 2001to 867 in 2011,
an increase of 22 points during this decade.
Literates and illiterates
In Chandigarh UT, there are 809,653 literates as per
Census 2011 resulting in an overall literacy rate of
86.43 percent. This is well above the MDG set by the
United Nations and the Chandigarh UT is heading
towards universal literacy. Chandigarh ranks among
the most literate part of the country.
Literacy rate of Chandigarh UT for 1971 to 2011. At
the 1971 Census seven out of every ten persons
(70.4%) were literate. The percentage of literates
increased to 74.8 percent in 1981 and 77.8 percent
in 1991. The literacy rate of 86.43percent as per
Census 2011 is higher than that of 2001 (81.9%) by
4.5 percentage points.
Male -Female Gap in Literacy Rate
As per the provisional totals of Census 2011, nine
out of every ten males (90.54%) and eight out of
every ten females (81.38%) in Chandigarh are
literate compared to the Census 1971 where
three-fourths (75.74%) males and two thirds of
females (63.15%) females were literate showing a gap
of 12.5 percentage points. There is a marked
improvement in the literacy rate and female literacy
in particular and reduction in the gap between the
literacy rate of males and females. At the 1971
Census, 63.2 percent females and 75.7 percent males
were literate. According to provisional results of
Census 2011, 90.54 percent among males and 81.38
percent among females are literates and the gap
between the two has reduced to 9.16 percentage
SCHOOLING EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES AVAILABLE IN UT
All the developed sectors in UT Chandigarh are
covered by a primary school within 1 kilometer
distance and upper primary schools within 3
kilometer distance. Chandigarh has a good network of
104 Govt. schools. 7 Govt.-Aided schools, 71
recognized private schools, 6 schools run by
Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathans and Air Force. Barring
a few, all schools are of composite nature covering
I to X/XII. Each govt. school is catering to a large
number of students.
Table showing No. of Schools in UT
Chandigarh (All Management) as on 30-09-2012
No. of schools
Govt. Aided Schools
and 2012-13 two independent Govt. primary schools
i.e. GPS- Sector-18 and GPS Badheri, Sector41 have
been merged with GMSSS-18 and GMHS-41 (Badheri)
respectively. And one SMART School i.e. GHS-Sector
53 made functional in the year 2012-13.Therefore the
number in respect of Govt. Schools is 104. From the
next academic year two Govt. SMART Schools i.e.
Govt. High School - Sector-50 and Govt. High School-
Sector-54 will be made functional.
Distribution of enrolment by school management is
mentioned as under:
Distribution of enrolment by school type is
mentioned as under:
Compare enrolment over previous year:
Infrastructural Facilities available in Schools:
All Schools have pucca school buildings.
All Schools have boundary wall.
All Schools have drinking water facilities.
All Co-educational Schools have separate toilets
for boys and girls.
40% Govt. Schools are running in double shifts.
All Govt. Schools have SMCs in their schools.
93% Govt. Schools have computer labs in their